If you are looking for a new job in 2019, here are expert opinions on trends and requirements in the labour market from 2018 to 2022. They concern 20 countries and 12 sectors of the economy.
Paints and shades of the labor market 2019
What aspects should I pay attention to when making a decision?
1. The role of automation, robotization, and digitalization.
High-speed mobile Internet, artificial intelligence, data analytics, and cloud technology will top IT innovations by 2022.
Experts pay attention to attracting robotic power in all sectors, from economics to art. (23% are androids, 37% are industrial robots, 19% are ground and air robots, 33% are non-humanoid land robots).
Today, a person performs 71% of tasks, whereas robots and algorithms are charged with only 29% of tasks. It is expected that by 2022 the number of working hours of human labour will be only 58% of the total, and 42% will be machine or algorithmic. 62% of the tasks of processing, searching and transmitting of information in the organization will be performed by machines. Even tasks based on the skills of communication, interaction, management and consulting will be assigned to machines.
2. Positive outlook against significant job cuts.
By 2022, the number of jobs created that appear today should increase from 16% to 27%, while the number of specializations due to technological obsolescence will decrease from 31% to 21%. Quantitatively, 75 million current specializations can be consumed as a result of the labour reallocation between people, machines, and algorithms. At the same time, the market will be enriched by 133 million created jobs.
The best positions are retained by data analysis, software and application development, e-commerce and social networking specialists - everything that is largely in contact with technology. Strengthening is expected due to the characteristic “human” qualities: customer care in sales and marketing, training and development, culture, and innovative management.
3. New skills.
According to an analysis of the LinkedIn network site, in 2019 employers are looking for a combination of both specialized and general or “human” skills, and creativity tops the list of characteristics.
“Human” skills such as originality, being a self-starter and thinking critically, adaptability, persuasion and negotiation are considered to be especially profitable and valuable assets in any career because even in IT they cannot be delegated to robots.
As for specialized skills, the ability to handle cloud computing took first place. Next came artificial intelligence, followed by work with analytical data, people management, and user interface development.
4. Training and remoteness.
Many people believe that continuous development is the key to staying in demand in any industry. They expect their employers to provide at least some training opportunities. Therefore, continual professional development is an important part of the decision-making process in a job search, especially in the technology industry.
As the traditional office environment is gradually receding into the past, it is not surprising that remote jobs will become even more common in 2019. It is estimated that by 2020, 30% of labour will be in remote jobs.
The benefits of working at home are well known for an employee, but now many companies are discovering the benefits of a remote team for themselves. They see happier employees and higher productivity.
The main advice that experts give in their forecasts for 2019 is to be willing to learn new things, whether it's just filling in the gaps in your skills or retraining, or advanced training, or the decision to change your career.
It is expected that 2019 will bring significant changes to the work of both companies and prospective candidates. Even the way we are searching for jobs will mean that companies will have to adapt to changing technologies in the hiring process, as well as to the evolving expectations of a new generation of workers.